Objective of the Review: To analyse up-to-date publications and regulatory framework regarding cervical screening in the Russian Federation.
Key Points. Efficient cervical screening is an essential part of secondary cervical cancer prevention and can contribute to reduced mortality from cervical cancer. Currently, human papilloma virus (HPV) typing is the most promising area in cervical cancer screening, both in developed and developing states. Screening can be efficient only with the coverage of at least 80%; it is possible also with self-collection of material. The regulatory framework for cervical screening in the Russian Federation requires standardization.
Conclusion. The most efficient approach in prevention of cervical cancer mortality is HPV-oriented screening. The regulatory framework for cervical screening in the Russian Federation needs rework and alignment with up-to-date ideas.
Conflict of interest: The author declares that she does not have any conflict of interests.
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