ACADEMIC AND RESEARCH PEER-REVIEWED MEDICAL JOURNALISSN 1727-2378 (Print)         ISSN 2713-2994 (Online)
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Characteristics of Alpha Activity of Electroencephalograms of Patients with Asthma

DOI:10.31550/1727-2378-2019-156-1-41-45
For citation: Melnikova T.S., Krasnov V.N., Martynova N.V. Characteristics of Alpha Activity of Electroencephalograms of Patients with Asthma. Doctor.Ru. 2019; 1(156): 41–45. DOI: 10.31550/1727-2378-2019-156-1-41-45
8 February 14:30

Study Objective: To conduct a comparative analysis of the basic rhythm parameters at the electroencephalogram (EEG) (alpha activity) of patients with bronchial asthma (BA) and healthy people.

Study Design: Open controlled study.

Materials and Methods. 57 patients with partially controlled mild and moderate BA and 50 healthy subjects were enrolled into the study. Patients with BA had moderate affective disorders (13-17 points of Hamilton Depression Rating Scale).

Results. Spectral analysis of EEG of patients with BA revealed diffuse reduction in the power spectrum of alpha activity with enhanced slow wave activity, mainly in theta spectrum, and weakening of functional links between all cortex regions, especially between symmetric temporal regions.

Conclusion. The data demonstrate a specific pattern of space-temporal correlations in functioning of various cortex regions and intercortical interactions in BA. It will allow individually assessing activity of various cortex regions and their role in integrative brain activity. These parameters may be used as additional criteria in diagnostics and selection of therapeutic approaches to BA management.

Keywords: bronchial asthma, electroencephalogram, alpha activity, spectral and coherent electroencephalogram analysis, effective disorders.

The authors declare that they do not have any conflict of interests.

T.S. Melnikova — Moscow Research and Scientific Institute of Psychiatry — a branch of V. P. Serbskiy National Medical Research Institute of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Public Health of Russia; 3 Poteshnaya Str., Moscow. E-mail: TMEL777@rambler.ru

V.N. Krasnov — Moscow Research and Scientific Institute of Psychiatry — a branch of V. P. Serbskiy National Medical Research Institute of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Public Health of Russia; 3 Poteshnaya Str., Moscow. E-mail: valery-krasnov@mail.ru

N.V. Martynova — Moscow Research and Scientific Institute of Psychiatry — a branch of V. P. Serbskiy National Medical Research Institute of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Public Health of Russia; 3 Poteshnaya Str., Moscow. E-mail: 2468747@mail.ru

Доктор.ру
8 February 14:30
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