Objective of the Review: To review publications about the epidemiology of late preterm birth, specific clinical signs of diseases in late preterm infants, and approaches to the medical management of this group of premature newborns.
Key Points: According to the international literature, late preterm infants account for 70-80% of all preterm births, and this prevalence exhibits no significant tendency toward reduction. Late preterm infants have limited compensatory responses and are at higher risk of morbidity and mortality than full-term infants. Late preterm infants have a higher prevalence of respiratory disorders, temperature regulation problems, hypoglycemia, hyperbilirubinemia, infectious diseases, and feeding problems than full-term babies do.
Conclusion: An understanding of the specific clinical features of the adaptation process and the development of diseases in late preterm infants helps neonatologists and pediatricians plan approaches to the medical management and treatment of this population of babies.
Contribution: Medvedeva, S.V. was responsible for examination of patient and review of relevant publications. Zabolitskih, T.V. checked the critically important content and approved the final version of the manuscript submitted for publication. Danilova, N.B. was involved in the collection of clinical information and in data processing, analysis, and interpretation.
Conflict of interes: The authors declare that they do not have any conflict of interests.
S.V. Medvedeva — Amur State Medical Academy, Russian Ministry of Health; 95 Gorky St., Blagoveshchensk, Russian Federation 675006. E-mail: email@example.com
T.V. Zabolotskikh — Amur State Medical Academy, Russian Ministry of Health; 95 Gorky St., Blagoveshchensk, Russian Federation 675006. eLIBRARY.RU SPIN: 3872-6185. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
N.B. Danilova — Amur Regional Children’s Clinical Hospital; 108 Oktyabrskaya St., Blagoveshchensk, Russian Federation 675005. E-mail: email@example.com