Quality-of-Life Assessment in Patients with Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis
Study Objective: To assess the quality of life (QoL) in patients with extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA) and to identify the relationship between QoL and different manifestations of this condition.
Study Design: This was a retrospective study.
Materials and Methods: Quality of life was assessed in 32 patients with confirmed EAA, using the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). The following parameters were recorded and used in the analysis: patients' sex and age, the duration of the disease (in weeks) from the onset of the first symptoms/X-ray changes, PFT results and diffusing capacity of the lung.
Study Results: The study showed that in chronic patients QoL was more significantly affected by the disease than in acute patients (as assessed by the total score) or subacute patients (as assessed by the symptom score) (p < 0.05). It also demonstrated a correlation between the SGRQ symptom score, on the one hand, and PFT results and diffusing capacity of the lung, on the other. No statistically significant correlation was seen between QoL and disease duration or patient age.
Conclusion: The study showed that EAA deteriorates patients' QoL.
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